Benefits and Impacts of Road Removal T. A....

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Category: General Publications

Title: Benefits and Impacts of Road Removal

Author: Switalski, T.A. , Bissonette, J.A. , DeLuca, T.H. , Luce, C.H. , Madej, M.A.

Subject: Roads, Ecological Restoration

Abstract: Road removal is being used to mitigate the physical and ecological impacts of roads and to restore both public and private lands. Although many federal and state agencies and private landowners have created protocols for road removal and priorities for restoration,research has not kept pace with the rate of removal. Some research has been conductedon hydrologic and geomorphic restoration following road removal,but no studies have directly addressed restoring wildlife habitat. Road removal creates a short-term disturbance which may temporarily increase sediment loss. However, long-term monitoring and initial research have shown that road removal reduces chronic erosion and the risk of landslides. We review the hydrologic, geomorphic, and ecological benefits and impacts of three methods of road removal, identify knowledgegaps, and propose questions for future research,which is urgently needed to quantify how effectively road removal restores terrestrial, riparian, and aquatic habitat and other ecosystem processes.

Date: 2004

Type: Journal

Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Identifier: 2(1):21-28

Publisher: Ecological Society of America

Format: PDF

Language: English