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Category: Ecological Research

Title: Changes in vegetation, structure, and growth of southwestern pine forests since white settlement

Author: Cooper, C.F.

Subject: Vegetation studies, Forest structure, Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), Pre-settlement

Abstract: More than a century ago, Lt. Edward Beale wrote of northern Arizona: It is the most beautiful region I ever remember to have seen in any part of the world. A vast forest of gigantic pines, intersected frequently with open glades, sprinkled all over with mountains, meadows, and wide savannahs, and covered with the richest grasses, was traversed by our party for many days. There are those today who would agree with the lieutenants conclusions, but the northern Arizona countryside is no longer the same land that Beale saw in 1857. Eighty-five years of white mans use and occupancy have profoundly altered the forest landscape. Northern Arizona is particularly suitable for a study of the dynamics of vegetation change under the influence of the white man and his use of the land. Here these changes have taken place within the lifetime of men still living, and are easier to trace than in longer-settled regions. As in Beales day, an almost unbroken band of ponderosa pine forest 25 to 40 mi wide ( . . . ).

Date: 1960

Type: Journal

Source: Ecological Monographs

Identifier: 30(2):129-164

Publisher: Ecological Society of America, http://www.esa.org/

Format: PDF

Language: English