Category: Ecological Research
Title: Fact Sheet: Post-Wildfire Restoration of Structure, Composition, and Function in Southwestern Ponderosa Pine and Warm-Dry Mixed-Conifer Forests. ERI Fact Sheets.
Author: Springer, J.D.
Subject: Post Wildfire Restoration, Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), Warm-Dry Mixed Conifer Forests
Abstract: Post-fire rehabilitation is separated into short-term, emergency stabilization and long-term restoration measures. The Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) program includes emergency treatments to stabi-lize the burned area, protect public health and safety, and reduce the risk of additional damage to valued re-sources. As opposed to emergency rehabilitation, ecological restoration focuses on assisting the recovery of characteristic ecological structure, process, and function, which requires an understanding of natural range of variability for these key attributes as well as development of reference conditions to guide management ac-tivities. In addition, restoration activities demand long-term commitment and evaluation. Given the altered conditions that can follow high-severity fires, successful restoration to a desired state may be difficult and costly. Areas experiencing high-severity fire often exhibit accelerated soil erosion and subsequent loss of soil productivity; expansions or invasions of non-native plant populations; loss of wildlife habitat; damaged wa-tersheds and degraded water quality to connected streams; and/or vegetation type conversion. Attributes of a restored ecosystem include the reestablishment of resilience, forest structure, composition, function, physical environment, and landscape context and integrity.
Type: Fact Sheet
Source: ERI - Fact Sheet
Publisher: Ecological Research Institute